Mystery of Pundit Deendayal Upadhyaya’s Death

On the line of the grand old party, Congress that leveled name of Gandhi’s almost all government institutes and policies, current ruling party Bharatiya Janata Party is not doing new. The saffron party-led by Amit Shan and the government headed by Prime Minister Narendra Modi have been going out of proportion in terming of naming the institutions and policies after BharatiyaJansangh co-founder and right-wing stalwart Pundit Deen Dayal Upadhyaya.
There are so many. Some of them are- Deen dayal Antyodaya Yojana (DAY), Deen dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana (DDU-GKY), Pandit Deen dayal Upadhyaya Shramev Jayate Karyakram, Deen dayal Upadhyaya Swaniyojan Yojana (DUSY) are Deen dayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojana. And the most controversial move was to hype the character of Upadhyaya was to rename Mughalsaray Railway station after Deendayal Upadhyaya.

Recently, BJP celebrated his birthday with a much showy rally- Mahakumbh rally in Bhopal. But historians say that had he alive, the stalwart leader would not have allowed such artificial showcase. Upadhyaya was the man of simplicity and he was one of the architects of modern India.

He was such a tall leader who took on then the most dominant public figure Jawaharlal Nehru.
The end of the great journey of Upadhyaya was very mysterious. He was found dead 150 yards away from the railway track near Mughalsaray Railway Station on September 25, 1968. His death in suspicious circumstance left many unresolved questions which are yet to be unanswered.

Let’s turn the page of the history book and know how the great leader was killed and who was accused.

Upadhyaya, the then president of Bharatiya Jan Sangh had set in for Patna from Lucknow on February 10. He took Pathankot Sialda Express from Lucknow but the bogies of this train have to rejoin Delhi Hawada Express at Mughalsaray as PathankotSialda Express did not suppose to go to Patna. The stopover at Mughalsaray wrote the black chapter of Indian politics. After his death, three thieves- Lalata, Ramvaid, and Bharat were accused of his death by CBI but the court, in the absence of strong evidence of murder, charged them for robbery, not of killing.
The matter was reopened in 1969 and a commission leading by Justice Chandrachur formed. The commission also subscribed CBI’s line that Upadhyaya was killed accidentally during robbery and snatching.

Why the case is so important and mysterious:

The case is politically very rich as BJP’s great leader Atal Bihar Vajpayee was blamed for his murder. Jansangh leader Balraj Madhok had mentioned in his book- Jindagi Ka Safar- that Upadhyaya had no good term with Nanaji Deshmukh and his confidant Atal Bihari Vajpayee. That is why they planned to side away Upadhyaya by killing him. The rift between Madhok and Atal Bihari Vajpayee was so wide that Vajpayee did not allow him to be president of Jansangh despite he was the most experienced. Ignoring Madhok Vajpayee he thumbed up for the name of Lal Krishna Advani. Very surprisingly, on March 25, 1969, Nanaji Deshmukh claimed that Upadhyaya had secret information about irregularity in Indira Gandhi government so the government had planned to kill him.

No doubt, this black chapter of post Independence is sad but the questions left with the under-train death of Upadhyaya suggests that the politics go through the dark lane of crimes all the times.


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