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Crime against women dropped by 8.3%, as per NCRB Report

National Crime Records Bureau functions under the Union Ministry and has been publishing the Crime in India Report annually since 1953. In its most recent report, released last week, NCRB recorded a 28% rise in case registrations compared to 2019, largely due to violations of covid-19 standards.

Crime against women reported in 2020 was 3,71,503, as compared to 4,05,326 in 2019 and 3,87,236 in 2018. The rate has dropped by 8.3 percent.

With 49,385 overall crimes reported against women, Uttar Pradesh had the greatest number (per one lakh of the population). Among the southern states, Andhra Pradesh and Telangana had the highest number of crimes against women. The crime rate registered per lakh women population is 56.5 in 2020 as compared to 62.3 in 2019.

The crimes include rape, acid attacks, cruelty by the husband or his relatives, kidnapping and abduction.

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The majority of the registered cases were of cruelty by a husband or his relatives, with 1,12,292 cases (about 30.2 percent of the total cases). Assault on women intending to outrage her modesty came a close second with 86,745 cases (23.3 percent). 63,693 cases were reported of kidnapping and abduction cases (17.14percent) and rape cases were 28,153 (7.5 percent). 

Rajasthan had the highest number of reported rapes, with 5337 cases out of a total of 28,153. According to the data, 77 rape cases were reported per day on average.

Despite the fact that Tamil Nadu is one of the few states where total crime against women has increased (from 5934 in 2019 to 6630 in 2020), Coimbatore and Chennai in Tamil Nadu have emerged as the safest cities for women, with 9 and 13.4 percent rates of a total crime against women, respectively. Kochi and Kozhikode are the next safest cities. The most dangerous cities are Lucknow (190.7), Jaipur (162.9), Indore (129.7), and Delhi (129.1). Delhi also accounted for the maximum rape cases amongst the metropolitan cities, with 967 cases out of a total of 2537 cases.

Delhi remains one of the most unsafe cities for women, even though the overall crime rate decreased in Delhi, partly because of Covid-19 pandemic.

However, with the exception of Kolkata and Lucknow, all metropolitan cities saw a decline in crime compared with the previous year. Crime against women climbed in Kolkata from 1474 to 2001, and in Lucknow from 2425 to 2636.

As per a report by Hindustan Times, Sandhiyan Thiyagaran, founder of AWARE (Awareness for Women to Advocate their Rights and Empowerment) India said, “When there is a declining trend, we have to see through the data from various intersections. Are they complaining? If so, is their report being considered and registered or dismissed? Even in urban areas for gender-based crimes, there is a stigma against reporting and some women get used to this and fail to report.” He added, “However, compared to other metros in the country, in Tamil Nadu, the law enforcement agencies help prevent crimes against women such as by patrolling and installing CCTVs. We have a few deterrents that other metros may not have in equal measure.”

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